A Guide to the Different Types of Trailers

If you’re looking for the perfect vehicle for hauling heavy loads that you need to move, there are quite a few options to consider. One of them is a trailer.

In this article, we’ll introduce you to the different types of trailers that there are, along with their pros and cons. That way, you can make the most informed decision possible when choosing the best trailer for you.

Let’s get started:

Intermodal Trailers

Intermodal trailers are a type of trailer that can be used in a variety of different applications. Intermodal trailers are able to move freight from one mode of transport to another.

These trailers are designed for maximum efficiency and flexibility in order to quickly switch from one mode to another. They are constructed in a way that allows the cargo to be loaded and unloaded easily and quickly.

Box Trailers

They are generally constructed from steel, wood, aluminum, or fiberglass and are typically rectangular in shape. Box Trailers typically come in a variety of sizes and configurations, including open-top or closed-top designs with a single axle or multiple axles, as well as tilt beds, flatbeds, or utility trailers.

They may also have features like ramps and sides, as well as a variety of different locking mechanisms. Box Trailers are commonly used for transporting goods and materials in construction, aerospace, shipping, and other commercial industries. 

Side Curtain Trailers

Side curtain trailers are among the most versatile trailer types for transporting and hauling loads on roads. They have a solid structure and feature a side curtain that encases and protects the load from various weather conditions. Side curtain trailers offer a flexible and efficient load containment solution for a range of goods and materials.

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They can also be used with factory-fitted roof bows and corner posts, which provide an additional layer of protection. Additionally, side curtain trailers are designed to allow for the efficient loading and unloading of goods in tight spaces. 

Refrigerator Trailers

Refrigerated trailers, also known as reefer trailers, are a type of specialty trailers that provide temperature-controlled transportation and are ideal for keeping goods fresh during transport. Refrigerator trailers are suitable for carrying a wide variety of items, including food, medical supplies, and material that requires a maintained temperature.

Refrigerator trailers come in a variety of sizes, with common sizes ranging from 28′ to 53′. Refrigerator trailers typically have higher operating costs, but they are ideal for goods that require temperature control, and they are an essential tool for businesses transporting goods that would otherwise spoil in transit.

Tanker Trailers

Tanker trailers are the most common type of trailers across all industries. They are large, heavy-duty pieces of equipment designed to transport liquids, gasses, and bulk materials. These trailers are designed to provide maximum cargo-carrying capacity in a secure environment.

There are a variety of tanker trailer types, including dry van, flatbed, and lowboy. The dry van type can be used to carry both liquid and dry products, while flatbeds are best used for carrying bulk goods. Lowboys are the most versatile and can be used to transport heavy loads such as tanks and other large equipment. 

Flatbed Trailers

Flatbed trailers are an incredibly versatile type of trailer and are useful for transporting a wide range of cargo. These types of trailers are typically an open-topped flat platform that utilizes removable sides, flooring, and a rear gate for loading and unloading.

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Flatbeds can be constructed of steel, aluminum, or a combination of both, depending on the needs of the job. Flooring options such as wood plank, steel, or aluminum grates are used depending on the specific need. Flatbeds come in many sizes, ranging from small utility trailers to much larger ones that can carry an entire 40-foot ocean shipping container. 

Lowboy Trailers

Lowboy trailers are the type of trailers used to transport heavy equipment and machinery such as bulldozers, excavators, heavy trucks, and tractors. Lowboy trailers come in various shapes and sizes, from a single-axle trailer with a short deck to a double-axle trailer with a longer deck.

The shorter decks are better for hauling light and smaller loads, while the longer decks are better for transporting larger and heavier loads. The key to a successful lowboy trailer is to have the correct capacity for the load you’re hauling. It’s important to research and buy a trailer that’s best suited for the equipment you plan to haul. 

Step Deck Trailers

Step Deck Trailers are a common type of trailer in the industry. They are specialized, flatbed trailers that can be used to move large amounts of cargo. They are shorter in length and have two alternating levels: a lowered platform and a raised platform.

Step Deck Trailers are ideal for hauling long cargo, equipment, machinery, and wide-load items. Each platform is perfect for its own items, and with a combination of two alternating levels, the loading possibilities are endless. One of the great advantages of Step Deck Trailers is their ability to be loaded from the top or the side.

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Double Drop Trailers

Double drop trailers provide a great option for those needing to move larger pieces of cargo along roads and highways. These trailers offer a great way to transport items that cannot fit on a regular semi-trailer. 

This allows the loading and unloading of extra-long items such as construction materials, heavy loads, farm equipment, and steel beams. The two decks provide great options for those needing to transport large pieces of cargo. 

Extendable Trailers

It’s one of the most versatile trailer types, featuring a telescoping design that can expand up to three times its original length. Its collapsible design allows for easy storage when not in use and makes maneuvering tight spaces a piece of cake.

The extendable trailer is made up of two separate sections, allowing for more flexibility in hauling varying amounts of items. Each section can hold up to 5,000 lbs., making it ideal for transporting large objects, including cars and large pieces of furniture. 

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Find Out Types of Trailers

In conclusion, with the right knowledge, you’ll be able to find best types of trailers for your needs. Do your research and keep up with the latest trends in trailers to suit your lifestyle and get the most out of your investment.

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